19 March 2012

Cold Symptoms During Pregnancy

Over-the-Counter Medications

"Pregnant women will use most over-the-counter cold preparations; however they need to avoid any products containing a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (ibuprofen, naproxen, common names embody Motrin®, Alleve®, etc.), and any nasal sprays except saline (salt water)," says Dr. Laura Goetzl, an assistant professor at the Medical University of South Carolina and author of Healthy Pregnancy over 35.

Dr. Goetzl says that sometimes OBs have a printed list of safe over-the-counter medications that they hand out to patients to cut back phone calls. If you haven't received one from your doctor, be positive to raise for one. Taking this list to the pharmacy or food market can extremely facilitate scale back the amount of times you finish up shopping for a product you cannot safely use.

"Unfortunately, several of the over-the-counter medicines for colds don't seem to be significantly effective, and also the common cold could be a self-limited illness and could be amenable to non-pharmacologic treatments," says Dr. Margaret Miller, an assistant professor of medicine and Obstetrics/Gynecology at The Warren Alpert School of medicine of Brown University in Providence. "Patients should bear in mind that over-the-counter cold medicines do not build the cold go away; they only treat the symptoms. Although a chilly can be miserable, it is most usually short lived, and pregnant girls and their providers should consider the potential risk of medication."

If it's decided that medication is in the simplest interest of each the mom-to-be and her child, Dr. Miller says that a range of medicines have extensive information showing they're safe for use throughout pregnancy. A number of these include acetaminophen (Tylenol®), pseudoephedrine (Sudafed®), dextromethaphen (DM), guanefasine (the active ingredient in Robitussin®), and Afrin® nasal spray. Chlorpheniramine (Clor-trimeton®) is the preferred antihistamine in pregnancy.

"However, it's important to point out that any of those medicines might become 'unsafe' if overused—in too high a dose or over too long of a duration," Dr. Miller says.

And Dr. Goetzl says that nasal stuffiness may be a common aspect result of pregnancy thanks to an increased blood flow through the nose (another side result is a lot of frequent bloody noses), thus pregnant women shouldn't over treat these symptoms by taking medication unless they are certain they have a cold.
Homegrown Remedies

With this in mind, many moms-to-be may need to first strive and see if any of the tried-and-true home remedies brings relief to their cold symptoms. And as it turns out, some of your mom's best advice after you were sick as a child actually has proven benefits—currently additional than ever. "All home remedies, including hot tea, chicken soup, Gatorade, and such are safe, except I would avoid herbal teas unless women seek advice from their doctors, as some herbal teas contain active substances that can be harmful in pregnancy or have unknown effects," Dr. Goetzl says. "However one amongst the best safe remedies is to use a humidifier whereas you sleep when you have got a cold." One vital tip: Be sure the humidifier is properly cleaned therefore that it does not harbor mould and bacteria.

Dr. Miller agrees that home remedies like chicken soup, hot tea, and a cool-mist humidifier are actually safe and are worth a attempt if it makes pregnant ladies feel better. Another important aid? Plenty of rest, Dr. Miller says. Sleep continues to be one of the most effective ways to let your body fight off a chilly, and it's incredibly necessary that pregnant girls get enough sleep.

"Herbs or herbal teas are mostly safe, but ought to be viewed as medication and ingredients reviewed with a healthcare supplier," Dr. Miller says. "Although not well studied, there are some saline nasal irrigation systems that are helpful for patients, particularly patients with sinus congestion."

Gargling warm salt water, whereas not significantly tasty, will conjointly help with sore throats. And finally, what you put into your body helps verify how effectively it will fight a chilly, so be sure to eat nutrient-made foods such as recent fruits and vegetables and whole grains, Dr. Cates says.

"Inadequate levels of vitamins and minerals, such as vitamins A, E and C, B vitamins, and zinc might decrease immunity and increase the chances of catching a chilly," Dr. Cates says. "Choose a high-quality prenatal multivitamin-mineral supplement to assist defend overall health and enhance the immune system. A study within the International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics concluded that supplementing the diet with a multivitamin mineral and probiotic combination could facilitate prevent and fight the common cold. Probiotics are the helpful bacteria residing within the intestines, which help support correct digestive and immune operate and also are safe throughout pregnancy."
What Not to Ignore

Don't ignore sure symptoms, that can be indicative of a additional significant issue. Dr. Miller says that ladies should continuously ask their healthcare supplier if they develop fever, shortness of breath, wheezing, or extreme fatigue/lethargy. And if symptoms don't abate when some days or appear to worsen, you should additionally call your doctor. by Katherine Bontranger

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